Welcome to Public Law 62-5. This website is dedicated providing free information regarding Public Law 62-5, what it is and how it as radically changed,"The People's House", the House of Representatives.
Public Law 62-5 is codified in the United States Code: Chapter 1, Title 2, Section 2 also listed as: 2 U.S.C. Sec. 2, passed by the United States Congress on August 8, 1911, set the number of members of the United States House of Representatives at 435, effective with the initiation of the 63rd Congress in 1913. It also included a provision for the addition of two seats; one seat for each Arizona and New Mexico when they became States, as prescribed in the Constitution. The number of membership in the House increased temporarily to 437 when Alaska and Hawaii were admitted as States during the 86th Congress, but the 1960 census reapportioned the House under the 435 membership legislation of Public Law 62-5 and the apportionment bill of June 18, 1929 which fixed the number. Wikipedia.
437 Alaska/ Hawaii NOTE: This was the second time in US history that the membership of the House was actually reduced in the name of liberty; the first House reduction was 17 members from 240 to 223, in the 1843 apportionment follow the 6th Census in 1840. The population grew by over 30% from 12.8 million to 17 million. It took twenty years until the 8th Census in 1860 that the House membership was increased to 241 Members at that point the population was 23.1 million, a representative dilution of over 50% from the 1830 Census apportionment.
"At the expiration of twenty-five years, according to the computed rate of increase, the number of representatives will amount to two hundred, and of fifty years, to four hundred. This is a number which, I presume, will put an end to all fears arising from the smallness of the body."
The Federalist Papers
No. 55: February 15, 1788
The Total Number of the House of Representatives
Updated March 12, 2009
ABOUT: PUBLIC LAW 62-5.com or .org
In the annals of the U.S. CODE there exists a peculiar law. A law, which would, during the progress era of 1913 forever change America; by consolidating the Peoples' House and thereby the power structure in Washington and further more the world. Public law 62-5, the missed apportionment of 1923 and the solidification of the 435 fixed apportionment bill of June 18, 1929 created a legitimate oligarchic in America and is codified in U.S.Code Chapter 1, Title 2, Section 2 also listed as: 2 USC Sec. 2
|TITLE||SUB-TITLE||PAGE||DATE||LEGISLATIVE BODY||HTML||Word© .DOC||ADOBE(TM) .PDF||MICROFICHE SCANNED|
|Message from the President of the United States|
|Message from the President of the United States|
|TITLE||SUB-TITLE||PAGE||DATE||LEGISLATIVE BODY||HTML||Word© .DOC||ADOBE© .PDF||MICROFICHE SCANNED|
-CITE- 2 USC Sec. 2 01/03/2007 -EXPCITE- TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS CHAPTER 1 - ELECTION OF SENATORS AND REPRESENTATIVES -HEAD- Sec. 2. Omitted -COD- CODIFICATION Section, act Aug. 8, 1911, ch. 5, Secs. 1, 2, 37 Stat. 13, 14, fixed composition of House of Representatives at 435 Members, to be apportioned to the States therein enumerated. For provisions dealing with reapportionment of Representatives and manner of election, etc., see sections 2a and 2b of this title. -End- -CITE- 2 USC Sec. 2a 01/03/2007 -EXPCITE- TITLE 2 - THE CONGRESS CHAPTER 1 - ELECTION OF SENATORS AND REPRESENTATIVES -HEAD- Sec. 2a. Reapportionment of Representatives; time and manner; existing decennial census figures as basis; statement by President; duty of clerk -STATUTE- (a) On the first day, or within one week thereafter, of the first regular session of the Eighty-second Congress and of each fifth Congress thereafter, the President shall transmit to the Congress a statement showing the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed, as ascertained under the seventeenth and each subsequent decennial census of the population, and the number of Representatives to which each State would be entitled under an apportionment of the then existing number of Representatives by the method known as the method of equal proportions, no State to receive less than one Member. (b) Each State shall be entitled, in the Eighty-third Congress and in each Congress thereafter until the taking effect of a reapportionment under this section or subsequent statute, to the number of Representatives shown in the statement required by subsection (a) of this section, no State to receive less than one Member. It shall be the duty of the Clerk of the House of Representatives, within fifteen calendar days after the receipt of such statement, to send to the executive of each State a certificate of the number of Representatives to which such State is entitled under this section. In case of a vacancy in the office of Clerk, or of his absence or inability to discharge this duty, then such duty shall devolve upon the Sergeant at Arms of the House of Representatives. (c) Until a State is redistricted in the manner provided by the law thereof after any apportionment, the Representatives to which such State is entitled under such apportionment shall be elected in the following manner: (1) If there is no change in the number of Representatives, they shall be elected from the districts then prescribed by the law of such State, and if any of them are elected from the State at large they shall continue to be so elected; (2) if there is an increase in the number of Representatives, such additional Representative or Representatives shall be elected from the State at large and the other Representatives from the districts then prescribed by the law of such State; (3) if there is a decrease in the number of Representatives but the number of districts in such State is equal to such decreased number of Representatives, they shall be elected from the districts then prescribed by the law of such State; (4) if there is a decrease in the number of Representatives but the number of districts in such State is less than such number of Representatives, the number of Representatives by which such number of districts is exceeded shall be elected from the State at large and the other Representatives from the districts then prescribed by the law of such State; or (5) if there is a decrease in the number of Representatives and the number of districts in such State exceeds such decreased number of Representatives, they shall be elected from the State at large. -SOURCE- (June 18, 1929, ch. 28, Sec. 22, 46 Stat. 26; Apr. 25, 1940, ch. 152, 54 Stat. 162; Nov. 15, 1941, ch. 470, Sec. 1, 55 Stat. 761; Pub. L. 104-186, title II, Sec. 201, Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1724.) -MISC1- AMENDMENTS 1996 - Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104-186 struck out at end "; and in case of vacancies in the offices of both the Clerk and the Sergeant at Arms, or the absence or inability of both to act, such duty shall devolve upon the Doorkeeper of the House of Representatives". 1941 - Act Nov. 15, 1941, provided for reapportionment based on seventeenth and subsequent decennial censuses. 1940 - Act Apr. 25, 1940, provided for reapportionment based on sixteenth decennial census. TERMINATION OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS For termination, effective May 15, 2000, of provisions of law requiring submittal to Congress of any annual, semiannual, or other regular periodic report listed in House Document No. 103-7 (in which the report required by subsec. (a) of this section is listed on page 17), see section 3003 of Pub. L. 104-66, as amended, set out as a note under section 1113 of Title 31, Money and Finance. CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS Apportionment of Representatives among the several States, see Const. Art. I, Sec. 2, cl. 3, and Amend. XIV, Sec. 2. TEMPORARY INCREASE IN MEMBERSHIP Representation of States of Alaska and Hawaii in House of Representatives as not affecting basis of apportionment established by this section, see section 9 of Pub. L. 85-508, July 7, 1958, 72 Stat. 339, set out as a note preceding section 21 of Title 48, Territories and Insular Possessions, and section 8 of Pub. L. 86-3, Mar. 18, 1959, 73 Stat. 4, set out as a note preceding section 491 of Title 48. -End-http://uscode.house.gov U.S. Code Home - http://www.access.gpo.gov
Please e-mail me with any comments or suggestions at: reform at publiclaw62-5.com
Updated March 12, 2009Top